About RepoWatch

April 7, 2011 (last updated July 29, 2021)


Welcome to RepoWatch.

The purpose of this site is to make “repo” a household word, to help and inspire professional and citizen journalists to cover the repurchase market so thoroughly that it becomes familiar to all Americans.

RepoWatch needs your help to do this – your eyes, your ears, and your ideas. I’m no expert myself, but I’m learning, and I know a great story when I see one.

Three markets were the main sites of the systemic panic that frightened regulators in the financial crisis of 2007 and 2008: Derivatives, securitization and repos (including securities lending). The press writes frequently about derivatives and securitization, and the Dodd-Frank Act regulates them. But repos have been largely ignored. 

My goal is to help change that, by bringing together many repo resources in one place and making it easier for beginners to get up to speed.

Hopefully, then, Americans who ultimately bore the losses in the last financial crisis, and will bear them again in the next, will begin to consider the most important – and most ignored – issue of the financial crisis: Does the repurchase market need safeguards like the safety net that protects conventional banking? If not, how should it be reformed?

RepoWatch is not a blog, where I express my opinions. RepoWatch is a news site. Commentary is clearly labeled.

I welcome your tips, story ideas, suggestions, criticisms, corrections, musings and reports. If you see something that RepoWatch readers should know, or if you yourself produce something, please tell me so I can consider posting it at RepoWatch. I am indebted to all the people whose work appears here.

Mindful that the next crisis won’t be like the last one, I also welcome insights that take us from repo to the next financial frontier.

Mary Fricker*
Editor: RepoWatch

Best in Business 2011

On February 17, 2012, the Society of American Business Editors and Writers chose RepoWatch to receive its Best in Business 2011 award for digital blogs. From the judges:

With passion for her subject and attention to detail, Mary Fricker has created an impressive and important blog devoted to an esoteric and overlooked risk factor in the modern economy: the institutional repo loan market. RepoWatch is hardly light reading, but it is invigorated by Fricker’s shout-from-the-rooftops fervor that the public, and journalists, need to understand how the post-crisis financial landscape remains fraught with perils. Among them: the little understood market in which large financial institutions borrow trillions of dollars from each other and from central banks every day, using securities as collateral. Things went bad in 2008 in this market, and Fricker points out another disaster, last year’s collapse of MF Global, was also hastened by repo loans. Fricker’s blog deserves plaudits for committed reporting and analysis of a crucial component of the financial system.

RepoWatch lead art: 

Manhattan Skyline from Staten Island Ferry
April 21,2010
Photographer: Jim Liu

RepoWatch lead chart:
This chart tracks outstanding repo volume reported weekly by the Federal Reserve’s Primary Dealers. The low point is $709.457  billion on Jan. 4, 1995, and the high point is $4.567 trillion on March 12, 2008. The Primary Dealers are dealers approved to conduct repurchase transactions with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.  According to a July 9, 2014, study by New York Fed analysts, Primary Dealers represent a little less than 80 percent of the U.S. repo market. To avoid duplication, this chart does not include reverse repos. In a repo transaction, primary dealers borrow cash. In a reverse repo transaction, they lend. Read more about these transactions here.

Technical notes:
This site went live April 7, 2011. Many of the writings and news prior to that date are published on the date they appeared, even though that was before this site existed, to create a more accurate chronological record.

* Who’s Mary Fricker?
Mary Fricker is an independent journalist who retired after 20 years as a business reporter for The Santa Rosa (Calif.) Press Democrat. She lives in Sebastopol, Calif. In 2010 she was awarded the McGill Medal for Journalistic Courage from the University of Georgia for her work with the Chauncey Bailey Project in Oakland, Calif. She has won three Investigative Reporters and Editors awards, the UCLA Gerald Loeb Award, the George Polk award, the National Headliner Award, several New York Times Company Chairman’s Awards and an Associated Press award for best business reporting. She was co-author of the New York Times best-selling book “Inside Job – The Looting of America’s Savings and Loans” published by McGraw-Hill (1989) and HarperCollins (1990).


11 responses to “About RepoWatch

  1. This may well be one of the most important financial site on the Internet. Mary is on to something here. But then again, she always has been. As one of journalisms finest financial investigative reporter Mary has always had a nose for trouble and courage to say what others were too timid to admit.

  2. Repos are the bottleneck in the world of international finance, and arcane as they may seem, any reporter or finance professional with any brains should be following it. I can’t think of a better place to do that than REPOWATCH.

  3. Thank you, Mary, for providing this site that deals with a burning issue likely to blow up the enter global financial system. Your writings are exceptionally brilliant and lucid.

  4. Mary, thank you for the insight into the repo market. I believe you have accurately captured the essence of the crisis and promote a rational perspective of the repo market.

  5. Question from a dummy:

    Re: To understand the financial crisis of 2007-2008, and to prevent the next one, you must understand the repurchase market

    I’ve looked on your website and can find no definition of the repurchase market nor a link to any website which defines the repurchase market.

    Assuming I didn’t overlook something, does this mean that you yourself haven’t as of yet, gained a clear understanding of what the repurchase market is?


  6. Hi, Long Of Tooth,

    You’ll find the definition of the repurchase market under “About Repo” at the top of this website’s home page.

    Thanks for your interest.

    Mary Fricker, editor

  7. David Stockman in his article last Friday on http://www.lewrockwell.com said that the next crash will be in the repo market of US Treasury Bonds … Excellent site

  8. Amazing resource! Thanks very much for your work on this. A shame so little of this is in the financial media today.

    As a retired income investor I’ve become an amateur Fed watcher. My interest in mortgage REITs which fund themselves predominantly with repo led me to your site. It’s far above my pay grade to try to figure all this out to safeguard my life savings, but I have little choice. Sadly, I fear we’ll get a repeat of 2007 eventually.

  9. Thanks Mary, Your site is what I have been searching for. It is a struggle to get a look behind the curtain. You are a great help.

  10. Mary, what specifically within Gramm Leach Bliley would you think accounts for this: https://imgur.com/a/CbC2z5Q

    Note the pre-2000 era includes all kinds of financial shenanigans like Junk Bond era, S&L era, LBO era, KKR etc. but throughout, money supply was anchored in “reality”. Then CLinton happened. What exactly in Gramm Leach Bliley did this?

    • Hi, Kiers,
      I don’t believe Gramm Leach Bliley played a major role. Instead, I ask myself why has the Fed been pouring money into the economy since about 1998? Could it be because that’s when non-banks started needing bailouts (Long-Term Capital Management)? Non-banks have multiplied the Fed’s bailout costs mainly because in 1991 the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act did away with collateral limits on Fed loans to non-banks, so the Fed could be a lender of last resort for securities firms in an emergency (increasingly needed after financial market deregulation in the 1980s). I also wonder how much of the effects in your chart are attributable to the soaring fiscal deficit (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/FYFSD).
      Interesting question! What do YOU think causes the effects in your chart?

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